Carpets are a beautiful scene to make a room complete. They add color, warmth, comfort in the eyes and also feels good under bare feet when walking through it. To make a carpet last for many years, you need to clean and maintain it. There are many ways to maintain and clean your carpet either you do it yourself or hire a professional to do it for you. But as homeowners, we ought to do it ourselves rather than spending money for a simple task that needs proper knowledge, time and patience. Most carpet manufacturers recommend professional hot water extraction as the primary cleaning method for synthetic carpets. Although it’s often referred to as “steam” cleaning, there’s no steam involved. The carpet is pretreated with a detergent solution, and then a very hot rinse solution under high pressure is forced into your carpet and vacuumed out. When done correctly, this process cleans deep and doesn’t leave behind a soap residue. A rented or purchased carpet-cleaning machine will remove the surface dirt. But deep cleaning to remove allergens, dust and greasy residues requires the specialized equipment and training of a pro.

Here are the simple steps to clean your carpet:

Vacuum often
To protect your carpet, vacuum entrance areas and high-traffic areas twice a week and the rest of the carpeting at least weekly. Oily soils attract oily soils, and frequent vacuuming will reduce soil buildup.

Start with a clean bag or filter
A dirty bag, dirt cup or filter can cut a vacuum’s suction power in half. The main reason bag less vacuums stop working is that the filters aren’t changed often enough. Replace or wash if possible the filters on bag less vacuums every three months. Replace vacuum bags when they’re three-quarters full.

Vacuum at the right position and speed
Vacuum slowly enough to get out as much dirt as possible. Make one quick pass over low-traffic areas and two slow passes over high-traffic areas. Two slow passes remove ground-in dirt more effectively than several fast passes Digging or scooping can work the stain into the carpet. If there are solids on top of the stain, use a spoon or dull knife to carefully scrape the food toward the middle of the spill and into a white towel and then treat the stain.

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Do it quickly
If you get to a stain immediately, there’s a high chance you can remove it. The longer a stain reacts chemically with the carpeting, the harder it is to remove.

Try water first before anything else
Eighty percent of stains can be removed using plain tap water. To remove a stain, press a clean, dry, white cloth over the stain to absorb the spill. Repeat until the spill is absorbed. Then gently work water into the stain with a damp white towel and blot until the stain is gone. Change cloths when necessary.

Be always patient
Work water gently into the spill and then blot with a dry cloth. Repeat until the stain is gone and all the water has been absorbed. If you’re patient, you’ll almost always be able to remove the stain.

Some products can cause carpet to get dirty faster or damage the carpet’s color and texture. For a list of carpet manufacturer- approved spot and stain cleaners, go online to The Carpet and Rug Institute. Test carpet-cleaning products on an inconspicuous area before using.